The following are the basic sounds of the drum (almost any drum).  THey are all played with a closed hand () in their simplest forms.

Lowest sound the drum can make aside from being dropped.
Played by striking the drum head near the center.
I was taught the names for these sounds are
DO when played with the right hand
GO when played with the left.
Middle sound on the drum.
Played by striking the drum about 3/4 of the way from the center to the rim.
I was taught the names for these sounds are
DA when played with the right hand
GA when played with the left.
High sound on the drum.
Played by striking the drum within an inch or two of the rim.
I was taught the names for these sound are
Di when played with the right hand
Gi when played with the left.

After mastering the 3 basic sounds, of course there are many others.  Here are few I enjoy!

Highest sound on the drum.
Played by striking the drum within a 1/4 to 1/2 inch of the rim.
This is usually a very dull sound, a muted Doun.
Played by striking the very center of the drum.
This stroke can take two beats.
Played by striking the drum and holding it, a unique muffled sound.
This stroke can takes two beats, can even extend it for several by repeatedly striking the drum.
Played by placing on hand on the drum and holding down.  then striking with the other in a tone, slap or ping.  THere are other methods to play this but I have not been able to use them.
Cool - rapid - hard.
Played anywhere on the drum, usually in tone, slap or ping position.
Some people are able to play by quickly alternating hands.
another way is to "fan" the fingers () and play the notes letting each finger hit the head individually.
Last Note (haha)
The way the hands are held when playing affects the tone.  Some of my Favorites:
ClosedOpenedfannedCupped